Meretz (, lit. Vigour) is a left-wing social-democratic and Zionist political party in Israel. The party was originally formed in 1992 with the union of Ratz, Mapam, and Shinui and was at its peak in the 13th Knesset between 1992 and 1996, during which it held 12 seats. At the 2013 legislative elections the party won six seats. Meretz is a secular party emphasising a two-state solution to the Israeli’Palestinian conflict, social justice, human rights (especially for ethnic and sexual minorities), religious freedom, and environmentalism.