The Serbian Radical Party () is a far right, Serbian nationalist political party in Serbia. The party was founded in 1991 by Vojislav ‘e’elj. Vojislav ‘e’elj has led the party since its foundation until his voluntary extradition to the ICTY in 2003, on charges of alleged involvement in war crimes during the Bosnian War. His deputy-president, Tomislav Nikoli? assumed de facto leadership of the party until its split in 2008. Nikoli? resigned from the SRS over disagreements on the direction of the party with ‘e’elj and took much of the high-ranking members with him and formed the Serbian Progressive Party (SNS). Once one of the largest political parties in Serbia, the SRS lost all of its seats in the 2012 parliamentary elections, although it still holds 17 seats in the Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija and 5 seats in the Assembly of Vojvodina. The SRS has local party branches in neighboring Montenegro, the Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina), and the Republic of Macedonia.