Gartner, Inc. is an American information technology research and advisory firm providing technology related insight headquartered in Stamford, Connecticut, United States. It was known as Gartner Group, Inc until 2001. Research provided by Gartner is targeted at CIOs and senior IT leaders in industries that include government agencies, high-tech and telecom enterprises, professional services firms, and technology investors. Gartner clients include large corporations, government agencies, technology companies and the investment community. The company consists of Research, Executive Programs, Consulting and Events. Founded in 1979, Gartner has over 5,300 employees, including 1,280 in R&D, located in 85 countries. Gartner uses hype cycles and magic quadrants for visualization of its market analysis results.