By David Shepardson
WASHINGTON (Reuters) –Facebook Inc and Amazon.com Inc have asked the U.S. government for approval to operate a new undersea data cable between the Philippines and California after China Mobile agreed to exit the plan, a government agency said Friday.
The two companies told the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) they intend to start commercial operation by late 2022 and said the new data connection will provide significant new capacity on routes where capacity demand continues to increase substantially each year.
The companies in a joint filing said the new cable will help to support Facebook applications and provide Amazon and its affiliates with capacity to support Amazons cloud services and connect its data centers.
Amazon, Facebook and China Mobile did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The United States has repeatedly expressed concerns about Chinas role in handling network traffic and potential for espionage. Around 300 subsea cables form the backbone of the internet, carrying 99% of the worlds data traffic.
In September 2020, Facebook, Amazon and China Mobile withdrew their application to connect San Francisco and Hong Kong as part of the Bay to Bay Express Cable System.
In April 2020, the FCC approved Alphabet Inc unit Google’s request to use part of a U.S.-Asia undersea telecommunications cable, that excluded Hong Kong, after U.S. agencies raised national security concerns.
Google agreed to operate a portion of this 8,000-mile Pacific Light Cable Network System between the United States and Taiwan, but not to Hong Kong. Google and Facebook helped to pay for construction of the completed link but U.S. regulators have blocked its use.
The companies in August 2020 abandoned the proposal to use the Hong Kong portion.
In May 2019, the FCC voted unanimously to deny China Mobile the right to provide services in the United States, citing risks that the Chinese government could use the approval to conduct espionage against the U.S. government.
(Reporting by David ShepardsonEditing by Chizu Nomiyama and Jane Merriman)